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Romeo and Juliet
Act 3, scene 1

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Characters in the Play

Entire Play

The prologue of Romeo and Juliet calls the title characters “star-crossed lovers”—and the stars do seem to conspire against these young lovers….

Prologue

Act 1, scene 1

A street fight breaks out between the Montagues and the Capulets, which is broken up by the ruler of Verona,…

Act 1, scene 2

In conversation with Capulet, Count Paris declares his wish to marry Juliet. Capulet invites him to a party that night….

Act 1, scene 3

Lady Capulet informs Juliet of Paris’s marriage proposal and praises him extravagantly. Juliet says that she has not even dreamed…

Act 1, scene 4

Romeo and Benvolio approach the Capulets’ party with their friend Mercutio and others, wearing the disguises customarily donned by “maskers.”…

Act 1, scene 5

Capulet welcomes the disguised Romeo and his friends. Romeo, watching the dance, is caught by the beauty of Juliet. Overhearing…

Act 2, chorus

Again the Chorus’s speech is in the form of a sonnet.

Act 2, scene 1

Romeo finds himself so in love with Juliet that he cannot leave her. He scales a wall and enters Capulet’s…

Act 2, scene 2

From Capulet’s garden Romeo overhears Juliet express her love for him. When he answers her, they acknowledge their love and…

Act 2, scene 3

Determined to marry Juliet, Romeo hurries to Friar Lawrence. The Friar agrees to marry them, expressing the hope that the…

Act 2, scene 4

Mercutio and Benvolio meet the newly enthusiastic Romeo in the street. Romeo defeats Mercutio in a battle of wits. The…

Act 2, scene 5

Juliet waits impatiently for the Nurse to return. Her impatience grows when the Nurse, having returned, is slow to deliver…

Act 2, scene 6

Juliet meets Romeo at Friar Lawrence’s cell. After expressing their mutual love, they exit with the Friar to be married.

Act 3, scene 1

Mercutio and Benvolio encounter Tybalt on the street. As soon as Romeo arrives, Tybalt tries to provoke him to fight….

Act 3, scene 2

Juliet longs for Romeo to come to her. The Nurse arrives with the news that Romeo has killed Tybalt and…

Act 3, scene 3

Friar Lawrence tells Romeo that his punishment for killing Tybalt is banishment, not death. Romeo responds that death is preferable…

Act 3, scene 4

Paris again approaches Capulet about marrying Juliet. Capulet, saying that Juliet will do as she is told, promises Paris that…

Act 3, scene 5

Romeo and Juliet separate at the first light of day. Almost immediately her mother comes to announce that Juliet must…

Act 4, scene 1

Paris is talking with Friar Lawrence about the coming wedding when Juliet arrives. After Paris leaves, she threatens suicide if…

Act 4, scene 2

Capulet energetically directs preparations for the wedding. When Juliet returns from Friar Lawrence and pretends to have learned obedience, Capulet…

Act 4, scene 3

Juliet sends the Nurse away for the night. After facing her terror at the prospect of awaking in her family’s…

Act 4, scene 4

The Capulets and the Nurse stay up all night to get ready for the wedding. Capulet, hearing Paris approach with…

Act 4, scene 5

The Nurse finds Juliet in the deathlike trance caused by the Friar’s potion and announces Juliet’s death. Juliet’s parents and…

Act 5, scene 1

Romeo’s man, Balthasar, arrives in Mantua with news of Juliet’s death. Romeo sends him to hire horses for their immediate…

Act 5, scene 2

Friar John enters, bringing with him the letter that he was to have delivered to Romeo. He tells why he…

Act 5, scene 3

Paris visits Juliet’s tomb and, when Romeo arrives, challenges him. Romeo and Paris fight and Paris is killed. Romeo, in…

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Scene 1
Enter Mercutio, Benvolio, and their men.

BENVOLIO 
 I pray thee, good Mercutio, let’s retire.
 The day is hot, the Capels are abroad,
 And if we meet we shall not ’scape a brawl,
 For now, these hot days, is the mad blood stirring.
MERCUTIO 5Thou art like one of these fellows that, when
 he enters the confines of a tavern, claps me his
 sword upon the table and says “God send me no
 need of thee” and, by the operation of the second
 cup, draws him on the drawer when indeed there is
10 no need.
BENVOLIO Am I like such a fellow?
MERCUTIO Come, come, thou art as hot a jack in thy
 mood as any in Italy, and as soon moved to be
 moody, and as soon moody to be moved.
BENVOLIO 15And what to?
MERCUTIO Nay, an there were two such, we should
 have none shortly, for one would kill the other.
 Thou—why, thou wilt quarrel with a man that
 hath a hair more or a hair less in his beard than
20 thou hast. Thou wilt quarrel with a man for cracking
 nuts, having no other reason but because thou
 hast hazel eyes. What eye but such an eye would spy
 out such a quarrel? Thy head is as full of quarrels as
115

117
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ACT 3. SC. 1

 an egg is full of meat, and yet thy head hath been
25 beaten as addle as an egg for quarreling. Thou hast
 quarreled with a man for coughing in the street
 because he hath wakened thy dog that hath lain
 asleep in the sun. Didst thou not fall out with a tailor
 for wearing his new doublet before Easter? With
30 another, for tying his new shoes with old ribbon?
 And yet thou wilt tutor me from quarreling?
BENVOLIO An I were so apt to quarrel as thou art, any
 man should buy the fee simple of my life for an
 hour and a quarter.
MERCUTIO 35The fee simple? O simple!

Enter Tybalt, Petruchio, and others.

BENVOLIO By my head, here comes the Capulets.
MERCUTIO By my heel, I care not.
TYBALT, to his companions 
 Follow me close, for I will speak to them.—
 Gentlemen, good e’en. A word with one of you.
MERCUTIO 40And but one word with one of us? Couple it
 with something. Make it a word and a blow.
TYBALT You shall find me apt enough to that, sir, an
 you will give me occasion.
MERCUTIO Could you not take some occasion without
45 giving?
TYBALT Mercutio, thou consortest with Romeo.
MERCUTIO Consort? What, dost thou make us minstrels?
 An thou make minstrels of us, look to hear
 nothing but discords. Here’s my fiddlestick; here’s
50 that shall make you dance. Zounds, consort!
BENVOLIO 
 We talk here in the public haunt of men.
 Either withdraw unto some private place,
 Or reason coldly of your grievances,
 Or else depart. Here all eyes gaze on us.

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ACT 3. SC. 1

MERCUTIO 
55 Men’s eyes were made to look, and let them gaze.
 I will not budge for no man’s pleasure, I.

Enter Romeo.

TYBALT 
 Well, peace be with you, sir. Here comes my man.
MERCUTIO 
 But I’ll be hanged, sir, if he wear your livery.
 Marry, go before to field, he’ll be your follower.
60 Your Worship in that sense may call him “man.”
TYBALT 
 Romeo, the love I bear thee can afford
 No better term than this: thou art a villain.
ROMEO 
 Tybalt, the reason that I have to love thee
 Doth much excuse the appertaining rage
65 To such a greeting. Villain am I none.
 Therefore farewell. I see thou knowest me not.
TYBALT 
 Boy, this shall not excuse the injuries
 That thou hast done me. Therefore turn and draw.
ROMEO 
 I do protest I never injured thee
70 But love thee better than thou canst devise
 Till thou shalt know the reason of my love.
 And so, good Capulet, which name I tender
 As dearly as mine own, be satisfied.
MERCUTIO 
 O calm, dishonorable, vile submission!
75 Alla stoccato carries it away.He draws.
 Tybalt, you ratcatcher, will you walk?
TYBALT What wouldst thou have with me?
MERCUTIO Good king of cats, nothing but one of your
 nine lives, that I mean to make bold withal, and, as
80 you shall use me hereafter, dry-beat the rest of the

121
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ACT 3. SC. 1

 eight. Will you pluck your sword out of his pilcher
 by the ears? Make haste, lest mine be about your
 ears ere it be out.
TYBALT I am for you.He draws.
ROMEO 
85 Gentle Mercutio, put thy rapier up.
MERCUTIO Come, sir, your passado.They fight.
ROMEO 
 Draw, Benvolio, beat down their weapons.
Romeo draws.
 Gentlemen, for shame forbear this outrage!
 Tybalt! Mercutio! The Prince expressly hath
90 Forbid this bandying in Verona streets.
 Hold, Tybalt! Good Mercutio!
Romeo attempts to beat down their rapiers.
Tybalt stabs Mercutio.

PETRUCHIO Away, Tybalt!
Tybalt, Petruchio, and their followers exit.
MERCUTIO I am hurt.
 A plague o’ both houses! I am sped.
95 Is he gone and hath nothing?
BENVOLIO  What, art thou hurt?
MERCUTIO 
 Ay, ay, a scratch, a scratch. Marry, ’tis enough.
 Where is my page?—Go, villain, fetch a surgeon.
Page exits.
ROMEO 
 Courage, man, the hurt cannot be much.
MERCUTIO 100No, ’tis not so deep as a well, nor so wide as
 a church door, but ’tis enough. ’Twill serve. Ask for
 me tomorrow, and you shall find me a grave man. I
 am peppered, I warrant, for this world. A plague o’
 both your houses! Zounds, a dog, a rat, a mouse, a
105 cat, to scratch a man to death! A braggart, a rogue, a
 villain that fights by the book of arithmetic! Why the
 devil came you between us? I was hurt under your
 arm.

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ACT 3. SC. 1

ROMEO I thought all for the best.
MERCUTIO 
110 Help me into some house, Benvolio,
 Or I shall faint. A plague o’ both your houses!
 They have made worms’ meat of me.
 I have it, and soundly, too. Your houses!
All but Romeo exit.
ROMEO 
 This gentleman, the Prince’s near ally,
115 My very friend, hath got this mortal hurt
 In my behalf. My reputation stained
 With Tybalt’s slander—Tybalt, that an hour
 Hath been my cousin! O sweet Juliet,
 Thy beauty hath made me effeminate
120 And in my temper softened valor’s steel.

Enter Benvolio.

BENVOLIO 
 O Romeo, Romeo, brave Mercutio is dead.
 That gallant spirit hath aspired the clouds,
 Which too untimely here did scorn the earth.
ROMEO 
 This day’s black fate on more days doth depend.
125 This but begins the woe others must end.

Enter Tybalt.

BENVOLIO 
 Here comes the furious Tybalt back again.
ROMEO 
 Alive in triumph, and Mercutio slain!
 Away to heaven, respective lenity,
 And fire-eyed fury be my conduct now.—
130 Now, Tybalt, take the “villain” back again
 That late thou gavest me, for Mercutio’s soul
 Is but a little way above our heads,
 Staying for thine to keep him company.
 Either thou or I, or both, must go with him.

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ACT 3. SC. 1

TYBALT 
135 Thou wretched boy that didst consort him here
 Shalt with him hence.
ROMEO  This shall determine that.
They fight. Tybalt falls.
BENVOLIO 
 Romeo, away, begone!
 The citizens are up, and Tybalt slain.
140 Stand not amazed. The Prince will doom thee death
 If thou art taken. Hence, be gone, away.
ROMEO 
 O, I am Fortune’s fool!
BENVOLIO  Why dost thou stay?
Romeo exits.

Enter Citizens.

CITIZEN 
 Which way ran he that killed Mercutio?
145 Tybalt, that murderer, which way ran he?
BENVOLIO 
 There lies that Tybalt.
CITIZEN, to Tybalt  Up, sir, go with me.
 I charge thee in the Prince’s name, obey.

Enter Prince, old Montague, Capulet, their Wives and all.

PRINCE 
 Where are the vile beginners of this fray?
BENVOLIO 
150 O noble prince, I can discover all
 The unlucky manage of this fatal brawl.
 There lies the man, slain by young Romeo,
 That slew thy kinsman, brave Mercutio.
LADY CAPULET 
 Tybalt, my cousin, O my brother’s child!
155 O prince! O cousin! Husband! O, the blood is spilled
 Of my dear kinsman! Prince, as thou art true,

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ACT 3. SC. 1

 For blood of ours, shed blood of Montague.
 O cousin, cousin!
PRINCE 
 Benvolio, who began this bloody fray?
BENVOLIO 
160 Tybalt, here slain, whom Romeo’s hand did slay—
 Romeo, that spoke him fair, bid him bethink
 How nice the quarrel was, and urged withal
 Your high displeasure. All this utterèd
 With gentle breath, calm look, knees humbly bowed
165 Could not take truce with the unruly spleen
 Of Tybalt, deaf to peace, but that he tilts
 With piercing steel at bold Mercutio’s breast,
 Who, all as hot, turns deadly point to point
 And, with a martial scorn, with one hand beats
170 Cold death aside and with the other sends
 It back to Tybalt, whose dexterity
 Retorts it. Romeo he cries aloud
 “Hold, friends! Friends, part!” and swifter than his
 tongue
175 His agile arm beats down their fatal points,
 And ’twixt them rushes; underneath whose arm
 An envious thrust from Tybalt hit the life
 Of stout Mercutio, and then Tybalt fled.
 But by and by comes back to Romeo,
180 Who had but newly entertained revenge,
 And to ’t they go like lightning, for ere I
 Could draw to part them was stout Tybalt slain,
 And, as he fell, did Romeo turn and fly.
 This is the truth, or let Benvolio die.
LADY CAPULET 
185 He is a kinsman to the Montague.
 Affection makes him false; he speaks not true.
 Some twenty of them fought in this black strife,
 And all those twenty could but kill one life.
 I beg for justice, which thou, prince, must give.
190 Romeo slew Tybalt; Romeo must not live.

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ACT 3. SC. 2

PRINCE 
 Romeo slew him; he slew Mercutio.
 Who now the price of his dear blood doth owe?
MONTAGUE 
 Not Romeo, Prince; he was Mercutio’s friend.
 His fault concludes but what the law should end,
195 The life of Tybalt.
PRINCE  And for that offense
 Immediately we do exile him hence.
 I have an interest in your hearts’ proceeding:
 My blood for your rude brawls doth lie a-bleeding.
200 But I’ll amerce you with so strong a fine
 That you shall all repent the loss of mine.
 I will be deaf to pleading and excuses.
 Nor tears nor prayers shall purchase out abuses.
 Therefore use none. Let Romeo hence in haste,
205 Else, when he is found, that hour is his last.
 Bear hence this body and attend our will.
 Mercy but murders, pardoning those that kill.
They exit, the Capulet men
bearing off Tybalt’s body.