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Richard III
Act 5, scene 5

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Entire Play

As Richard III opens, Richard is Duke of Gloucester and his brother, Edward IV, is king. Richard is eager to clear his…

Act 1, scene 1

Richard, alone onstage, reveals his intention to play the villain. He then pretends to console Clarence, the first victim of…

Act 1, scene 2

Richard woos Lady Anne over the corpse of King Henry VI, Anne’s father-in-law, whom Richard murdered.

Act 1, scene 3

Queen Elizabeth bemoans her situation in the face of her husband’s serious illness; Richard quarrels with Queen Elizabeth, her brother,…

Act 1, scene 4

Richard’s agents murder the imprisoned Clarence.

Act 2, scene 1

The dying King Edward IV attempts to reconcile the quarreling factions in his royal court. Queen Elizabeth and her kindred,…

Act 2, scene 2

As the Duchess of York mourns Clarence’s death, Queen Elizabeth enters grieving for the death of King Edward IV. Richard…

Act 2, scene 3

Three citizens discuss the possibly tumultuous succession of Prince Edward.

Act 2, scene 4

As Queen Elizabeth awaits the coming of Prince Edward, news arrives that Richard has imprisoned her brother Rivers, her son…

Act 3, scene 1

Richard and Buckingham arrive in London with Prince Edward and order that Edward’s brother, the Duke of York, be taken…

Act 3, scene 2

Responding to Catesby, Hastings flatly refuses to support Richard’s bid for the throne, and takes great satisfaction in the news…

Act 3, scene 3

The Queen’s brother Rivers, her son Grey, and Sir Thomas Vaughan are led to execution. They recall Margaret’s curse, and…

Act 3, scene 4

A council of lords meets to plan the coronation of Edward V. Richard, learning from Buckingham of Hastings’ refusal to…

Act 3, scene 5

Richard and Buckingham excuse the summary execution of Hastings to the Mayor of London by staging an “uprising” that they…

Act 3, scene 6

The professional scribe who has just finished transcribing Hastings’ indictment shows how the charge against Hastings had been prepared and…

Act 3, scene 7

Richard and Buckingham, having failed to persuade London’s officials and citizens that Richard should be king, stage a scene of…

Act 4, scene 1

Queen Elizabeth, her son Dorset, and the Duchess of York meet Lady Anne and Clarence’s daughter as all approach the…

Act 4, scene 2

The newly crowned Richard asks Buckingham to arrange the deaths of Prince Edward and the Duke of York. When Buckingham…

Act 4, scene 3

Tyrrel reports the deaths of Edward IV’s sons. Richard then reveals that Anne is dead and that he will now…

Act 4, scene 4

Queen Margaret, Queen Elizabeth, and the Duchess of York grieve for their dead. Richard enters on his way to confront…

Act 4, scene 5

Lord Stanley sends news to Richmond, whose army is marching on London: Stanley will be unable to help because Richard…

Act 5, scene 1

Buckingham is led to execution.

Act 5, scene 2

Richmond and his army march against Richard.

Act 5, scene 3

Richard and Richmond and their supporters prepare for battle. Asleep, Richard and Richmond are each visited by the ghosts of…

Act 5, scene 4

In battle Richard has been unhorsed and faces defeat.

Act 5, scene 5

Richmond kills Richard and is given the crown that he will wear as King Henry VII. His coming marriage to…

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Scene 5
Alarum. Enter Richard and Richmond. They fight.
Richard is slain.
 Then retreat being sounded, Richmond
exits, and Richard’s body is removed.
 [Flourish.] Enter
Richmond, Stanley, Earl of Derby, bearing the crown,
with other Lords, and Soldiers.


RICHMOND 
 God and your arms be praised, victorious friends!
 The day is ours; the bloody dog is dead.
STANLEY, offering him the crown 
 Courageous Richmond, well hast thou acquit thee.
 Lo, here this long-usurpèd royalty
5 From the dead temples of this bloody wretch
 Have I plucked off, to grace thy brows withal.
 Wear it, enjoy it, and make much of it.
RICHMOND 
 Great God of heaven, say amen to all!
 But tell me, is young George Stanley living?
STANLEY 
10 He is, my lord, and safe in Leicester town,
 Whither, if it please you, we may now withdraw us.
RICHMOND 
 What men of name are slain on either side?
[STANLEY] 
 John, Duke of Norfolk, [Walter], Lord Ferrers,
 Sir Robert Brakenbury, and Sir William Brandon.

303
Richard III
ACT 5. SC. 5

RICHMOND 
15 Inter their bodies as becomes their births.
 Proclaim a pardon to the soldiers fled
 That in submission will return to us.
 And then, as we have ta’en the sacrament,
 We will unite the white rose and the red;
20 Smile heaven upon this fair conjunction,
 That long have frowned upon their enmity.
 What traitor hears me and says not “Amen”?
 England hath long been mad and scarred herself:
 The brother blindly shed the brother’s blood;
25 The father rashly slaughtered his own son;
 The son, compelled, been butcher to the sire.
 All this divided York and Lancaster,
 Divided in their dire division.
 O, now let Richmond and Elizabeth,
30 The true succeeders of each royal house,
 By God’s fair ordinance conjoin together,
 And let their heirs, God, if Thy will be so,
 Enrich the time to come with smooth-faced peace,
 With smiling plenty and fair prosperous days.
35 Abate the edge of traitors, gracious Lord,
 That would reduce these bloody days again
 And make poor England weep in streams of blood.
 Let them not live to taste this land’s increase,
 That would with treason wound this fair land’s peace.
40 Now civil wounds are stopped, peace lives again.
 That she may long live here, God say amen.
[They exit.]