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Richard II
Act 3, scene 1

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Entire Play

In Richard II, anger at a king’s arbitrary rule leads to his downfall—and sets in motion a decades-long struggle for the…

Act 1, scene 1

Henry Bolingbroke, King Richard’s cousin, publicly accuses Thomas Mowbray, duke of Norfolk, of treason. Among Bolingbroke’s charges is that Mowbray…

Act 1, scene 2

The widow of the duke of Gloucester begs John of Gaunt to avenge the murder of her husband. Gaunt says…

Act 1, scene 3

Bolingbroke and Mowbray prepare to fight to the death. King Richard suddenly calls off the fight and banishes Mowbray for…

Act 1, scene 4

Richard makes plans to fight in person in Ireland. To obtain money for the war against the Irish, he leases…

Act 2, scene 1

John of Gaunt, knowing that he is dying, speaks plainly to Richard about his deficiencies as king. Richard expresses his…

Act 2, scene 2

As the Queen grieves for Richard’s departure, news comes that Bolingbroke has landed in England with an army. As York…

Act 2, scene 3

Bolingbroke and Northumberland, just outside Berkeley Castle, meet young Henry Percy, Northumberland’s son. When the duke of York enters, he…

Act 2, scene 4

The Welsh troops, having waited ten days for Richard’s return, disperse. The earl of Salisbury predicts that Richard stands at…

Act 3, scene 1

Bolingbroke sentences Bushy and Green to death.

Act 3, scene 2

Richard, landing in England, greets his kingdom and expresses certainty that God will protect him against Bolingbroke’s threat. He learns…

Act 3, scene 3

Bolingbroke, approaching Flint Castle, learns that Richard is within. In answer to Bolingbroke’s trumpets, Richard and Aumerle appear on the…

Act 3, scene 4

Richard’s queen overhears a gardener describing Richard’s downfall and probable deposition.

Act 4, scene 1

Bolingbroke seeks information about the duke of Gloucester’s death. Bagot implicates Aumerle, and several nobles challenge Aumerle and each other….

Act 5, scene 1

Richard and his queen say their farewells, she to be sent to France, he to Pomfret Castle.

Act 5, scene 2

The duke of York expresses his sympathy for Richard but declares his allegiance to King Henry. When York discovers that…

Act 5, scene 3

Aumerle reaches King Henry and begs a pardon for an unnamed offence. The duke of York arrives and reveals the…

Act 5, scene 4

Sir Pierce Exton, reflecting on King Henry’s wish that Richard be removed, decides to carry out that wish.

Act 5, scene 5

Richard, imprisoned at Pontefract Castle, is visited by a former groom of his stable and then by the prison Keeper….

Act 5, scene 6

News is brought to Henry about the capture and punishment of rebel leaders. Henry pardons the bishop of Carlisle. Exton…

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Scene 1
Enter Bolingbroke, Duke of Hereford, York,
Northumberland, with other Lords, and Bushy and
Green prisoners.


BOLINGBROKE Bring forth these men.—
 Bushy and Green, I will not vex your souls,
 Since presently your souls must part your bodies,
 With too much urging your pernicious lives,
5 For ’twere no charity; yet to wash your blood
 From off my hands, here in the view of men
 I will unfold some causes of your deaths:
 You have misled a prince, a royal king,
 A happy gentleman in blood and lineaments
10 By you unhappied and disfigured clean.
 You have in manner with your sinful hours
 Made a divorce betwixt his queen and him,
 Broke the possession of a royal bed,
 And stained the beauty of a fair queen’s cheeks
15 With tears drawn from her eyes by your foul wrongs.
 Myself, a prince by fortune of my birth,
 Near to the King in blood, and near in love
 Till you did make him misinterpret me,
 Have stooped my neck under your injuries
20 And sighed my English breath in foreign clouds,
 Eating the bitter bread of banishment,
107

109
Richard II
ACT 3. SC. 1

 Whilst you have fed upon my seigniories,
 Disparked my parks and felled my forest woods,
 From my own windows torn my household coat,
25 Rased out my imprese, leaving me no sign,
 Save men’s opinions and my living blood,
 To show the world I am a gentleman.
 This and much more, much more than twice all
 this,
30 Condemns you to the death.—See them delivered
 over
 To execution and the hand of death.
BUSHY 
 More welcome is the stroke of death to me
 Than Bolingbroke to England. Lords, farewell.
GREEN 
35 My comfort is that heaven will take our souls
 And plague injustice with the pains of hell.
BOLINGBROKE 
 My Lord Northumberland, see them dispatched.Northumberland exits with Bushy and Green.
 To York. Uncle, you say the Queen is at your
 house.
40 For God’s sake, fairly let her be entreated.
 Tell her I send to her my kind commends.
 Take special care my greetings be delivered.
YORK 
 A gentleman of mine I have dispatched
 With letters of your love to her at large.
BOLINGBROKE 
45 Thanks, gentle uncle.—Come, lords, away,
 To fight with Glendower and his complices.
 A while to work, and after holiday.
They exit.