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Julius Caesar
Act 5, scene 1

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Caesar’s assassination is just the halfway point of Julius Caesar. The first part of the play leads to his death; the…

Act 1, scene 1

In Rome the people are taking a holiday to celebrate the triumphant return of Julius Caesar. The tribunes Marullus and…

Act 1, scene 2

A soothsayer advises Caesar that the fifteenth of March will be a dangerous day for him. When Caesar and others…

Act 1, scene 3

Casca, meeting Cicero, describes the marvels visible in the streets that night and suggests that the marvels foretell important events…

Act 2, scene 1

Brutus anxiously ponders joining the conspiracy against Caesar. When he is brought one of the unsigned letters that Cassius has…

Act 2, scene 2

It is now the fifteenth of March. Calphurnia, Caesar’s wife, persuades him to stay home because she fears for his…

Act 2, scene 3

Artemidorus waits in the street for Caesar in order to give him a letter warning him of the conspiracy.

Act 2, scene 4

Portia, who has been told of the conspirators’ plan to kill Caesar, waits anxiously for news of their success. She…

Act 3, scene 1

In the street Caesar brushes aside Artemidorus’s attempt to warn him of the conspiracy. Once inside the Capitol, the conspirators…

Act 3, scene 2

Brutus explains to the people that the cause of Caesar’s assassination was the preservation of the Roman Republic from Caesar’s…

Act 3, scene 3

Cinna the poet is attacked and killed by the Roman mob because his name is the same as that of…

Act 4, scene 1

Antony, Lepidus, and Octavius meet to condemn to death those who may oppose them. Sending Lepidus for Caesar’s will, Antony…

Act 4, scene 2

Brutus and Cassius each feel wronged by the other. They prepare to withdraw from the view of their armies to…

Act 4, scene 3

Brutus and Cassius exchange accusations in Brutus’s tent. They grow angry with each other but are quickly reconciled, and Brutus…

Act 5, scene 1

The opposing armies confront each other at Philippi. Before the battle, Brutus and Cassius exchange insults with Antony and Octavius….

Act 5, scene 2

Brutus sends Messala to throw all Brutus’s legions into the battle.

Act 5, scene 3

Cassius, mistakenly believing that the battle has been lost and that Titinius has been taken captive, orders Pindarus to kill…

Act 5, scene 4

Brutus’s forces are defeated in the second battle. Lucilius calls attention to himself and away from Brutus by announcing himself…

Act 5, scene 5

Brutus begs four of his followers to assist him in his suicide. All but the fourth decline. Brutus kills himself….

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Scene 1
Enter Octavius, Antony, and their army.

OCTAVIUS 
 Now, Antony, our hopes are answerèd.
 You said the enemy would not come down
 But keep the hills and upper regions.
 It proves not so; their battles are at hand.
5 They mean to warn us at Philippi here,
 Answering before we do demand of them.
ANTONY 
 Tut, I am in their bosoms, and I know
 Wherefore they do it. They could be content
 To visit other places, and come down
10 With fearful bravery, thinking by this face
 To fasten in our thoughts that they have courage.
 But ’tis not so.

Enter a Messenger.

MESSENGER  Prepare you, generals.
 The enemy comes on in gallant show.
15 Their bloody sign of battle is hung out,
 And something to be done immediately.
ANTONY 
 Octavius, lead your battle softly on
 Upon the left hand of the even field.
179

181
Julius Caesar
ACT 5. SC. 1

OCTAVIUS 
 Upon the right hand, I; keep thou the left.
ANTONY 
20 Why do you cross me in this exigent?
OCTAVIUS 
 I do not cross you, but I will do so.March.

Drum. Enter Brutus, Cassius, and their army including
Lucilius, Titinius, and Messala.


BRUTUS They stand and would have parley.
CASSIUS 
 Stand fast, Titinius. We must out and talk.
OCTAVIUS 
 Mark Antony, shall we give sign of battle?
ANTONY 
25 No, Caesar, we will answer on their charge.
 Make forth. The Generals would have some words.
OCTAVIUS, to his Officers Stir not until the signal.
The Generals step forward.
BRUTUS 
 Words before blows; is it so, countrymen?
OCTAVIUS 
 Not that we love words better, as you do.
BRUTUS 
30 Good words are better than bad strokes, Octavius.
ANTONY 
 In your bad strokes, Brutus, you give good words.
 Witness the hole you made in Caesar’s heart,
 Crying “Long live, hail, Caesar!”
CASSIUS  Antony,
35 The posture of your blows are yet unknown,
 But, for your words, they rob the Hybla bees
 And leave them honeyless.
ANTONY Not stingless too.
BRUTUS O yes, and soundless too,

183
Julius Caesar
ACT 5. SC. 1

40 For you have stolen their buzzing, Antony,
 And very wisely threat before you sting.
ANTONY 
 Villains, you did not so when your vile daggers
 Hacked one another in the sides of Caesar.
 You showed your teeth like apes and fawned like
45 hounds
 And bowed like bondmen, kissing Caesar’s feet,
 Whilst damnèd Casca, like a cur, behind
 Struck Caesar on the neck. O you flatterers!
CASSIUS 
 Flatterers?—Now, Brutus, thank yourself!
50 This tongue had not offended so today
 If Cassius might have ruled.
OCTAVIUS 
 Come, come, the cause. If arguing make us sweat,
 The proof of it will turn to redder drops.
 Look, I draw a sword against conspirators;
He draws.
55 When think you that the sword goes up again?
 Never, till Caesar’s three and thirty wounds
 Be well avenged, or till another Caesar
 Have added slaughter to the sword of traitors.
BRUTUS 
 Caesar, thou canst not die by traitors’ hands
60 Unless thou bring’st them with thee.
OCTAVIUS  So I hope.
 I was not born to die on Brutus’ sword.
BRUTUS 
 O, if thou wert the noblest of thy strain,
 Young man, thou couldst not die more honorable.
CASSIUS 
65 A peevish schoolboy, worthless of such honor,
 Joined with a masker and a reveler!
ANTONY 
 Old Cassius still.
OCTAVIUS  Come, Antony, away!—

185
Julius Caesar
ACT 5. SC. 1

 Defiance, traitors, hurl we in your teeth.
70 If you dare fight today, come to the field;
 If not, when you have stomachs.
Octavius, Antony, and their army exit.
CASSIUS 
 Why now, blow wind, swell billow, and swim bark!
 The storm is up, and all is on the hazard.
BRUTUS 
 Ho, Lucilius, hark, a word with you.
Lucilius and Messala stand forth.
LUCILIUS 75My lord?
Brutus and Lucilius step aside together.
CASSIUS 
 Messala.
MESSALA  What says my general?
CASSIUS  Messala,
 This is my birthday, as this very day
80 Was Cassius born. Give me thy hand, Messala.
 Be thou my witness that against my will
 (As Pompey was) am I compelled to set
 Upon one battle all our liberties.
 You know that I held Epicurus strong
85 And his opinion. Now I change my mind
 And partly credit things that do presage.
 Coming from Sardis, on our former ensign
 Two mighty eagles fell, and there they perched,
 Gorging and feeding from our soldiers’ hands,
90 Who to Philippi here consorted us.
 This morning are they fled away and gone,
 And in their steads do ravens, crows, and kites
 Fly o’er our heads and downward look on us
 As we were sickly prey. Their shadows seem
95 A canopy most fatal, under which
 Our army lies, ready to give up the ghost.
MESSALA 
 Believe not so.

187
Julius Caesar
ACT 5. SC. 1

CASSIUS  I but believe it partly,
 For I am fresh of spirit and resolved
100 To meet all perils very constantly.
BRUTUS 
 Even so, Lucilius.Brutus returns to Cassius.
CASSIUS  Now, most noble Brutus,
 The gods today stand friendly that we may,
 Lovers in peace, lead on our days to age.
105 But since the affairs of men rests still incertain,
 Let’s reason with the worst that may befall.
 If we do lose this battle, then is this
 The very last time we shall speak together.
 What are you then determinèd to do?
BRUTUS 
110 Even by the rule of that philosophy
 By which I did blame Cato for the death
 Which he did give himself (I know not how,
 But I do find it cowardly and vile,
 For fear of what might fall, so to prevent
115 The time of life), arming myself with patience
 To stay the providence of some high powers
 That govern us below.
CASSIUS Then, if we lose this battle,
 You are contented to be led in triumph
120 Thorough the streets of Rome?
BRUTUS 
 No, Cassius, no. Think not, thou noble Roman,
 That ever Brutus will go bound to Rome.
 He bears too great a mind. But this same day
 Must end that work the ides of March begun.
125 And whether we shall meet again, I know not.
 Therefore our everlasting farewell take.
 Forever and forever farewell, Cassius.
 If we do meet again, why we shall smile;
 If not, why then this parting was well made.

189
Julius Caesar
ACT 5. SC. 3

CASSIUS 
130 Forever and forever farewell, Brutus.
 If we do meet again, we’ll smile indeed;
 If not, ’tis true this parting was well made.
BRUTUS 
 Why then, lead on.—O, that a man might know
 The end of this day’s business ere it come!
135 But it sufficeth that the day will end,
 And then the end is known.—Come ho, away!
They exit.