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Julius Caesar
Act 3, scene 2

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Entire Play

Caesar’s assassination is just the halfway point of Julius Caesar. The first part of the play leads to his death; the…

Act 1, scene 1

In Rome the people are taking a holiday to celebrate the triumphant return of Julius Caesar. The tribunes Marullus and…

Act 1, scene 2

A soothsayer advises Caesar that the fifteenth of March will be a dangerous day for him. When Caesar and others…

Act 1, scene 3

Casca, meeting Cicero, describes the marvels visible in the streets that night and suggests that the marvels foretell important events…

Act 2, scene 1

Brutus anxiously ponders joining the conspiracy against Caesar. When he is brought one of the unsigned letters that Cassius has…

Act 2, scene 2

It is now the fifteenth of March. Calphurnia, Caesar’s wife, persuades him to stay home because she fears for his…

Act 2, scene 3

Artemidorus waits in the street for Caesar in order to give him a letter warning him of the conspiracy.

Act 2, scene 4

Portia, who has been told of the conspirators’ plan to kill Caesar, waits anxiously for news of their success. She…

Act 3, scene 1

In the street Caesar brushes aside Artemidorus’s attempt to warn him of the conspiracy. Once inside the Capitol, the conspirators…

Act 3, scene 2

Brutus explains to the people that the cause of Caesar’s assassination was the preservation of the Roman Republic from Caesar’s…

Act 3, scene 3

Cinna the poet is attacked and killed by the Roman mob because his name is the same as that of…

Act 4, scene 1

Antony, Lepidus, and Octavius meet to condemn to death those who may oppose them. Sending Lepidus for Caesar’s will, Antony…

Act 4, scene 2

Brutus and Cassius each feel wronged by the other. They prepare to withdraw from the view of their armies to…

Act 4, scene 3

Brutus and Cassius exchange accusations in Brutus’s tent. They grow angry with each other but are quickly reconciled, and Brutus…

Act 5, scene 1

The opposing armies confront each other at Philippi. Before the battle, Brutus and Cassius exchange insults with Antony and Octavius….

Act 5, scene 2

Brutus sends Messala to throw all Brutus’s legions into the battle.

Act 5, scene 3

Cassius, mistakenly believing that the battle has been lost and that Titinius has been taken captive, orders Pindarus to kill…

Act 5, scene 4

Brutus’s forces are defeated in the second battle. Lucilius calls attention to himself and away from Brutus by announcing himself…

Act 5, scene 5

Brutus begs four of his followers to assist him in his suicide. All but the fourth decline. Brutus kills himself….

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Scene 2
Enter Brutus and Cassius with the Plebeians.

PLEBEIANS 
 We will be satisfied! Let us be satisfied!
BRUTUS 
 Then follow me and give me audience, friends.—
 Cassius, go you into the other street
 And part the numbers.—
5 Those that will hear me speak, let ’em stay here;
 Those that will follow Cassius, go with him;

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ACT 3. SC. 2

 And public reasons shall be renderèd
 Of Caesar’s death.
FIRST PLEBEIAN  I will hear Brutus speak.
SECOND PLEBEIAN 
10 I will hear Cassius, and compare their reasons
 When severally we hear them renderèd.
Cassius exits with some of the Plebeians.
Brutus goes into the pulpit.

THIRD PLEBEIAN 
 The noble Brutus is ascended. Silence.
BRUTUS Be patient till the last.
 Romans, countrymen, and lovers, hear me for my
15 cause, and be silent that you may hear. Believe me
 for mine honor, and have respect to mine honor
 that you may believe. Censure me in your wisdom,
 and awake your senses that you may the better
 judge. If there be any in this assembly, any dear
20 friend of Caesar’s, to him I say that Brutus’ love
 to Caesar was no less than his. If then that friend
 demand why Brutus rose against Caesar, this is my
 answer: not that I loved Caesar less, but that I loved
 Rome more. Had you rather Caesar were living, and
25 die all slaves, than that Caesar were dead, to live all
 freemen? As Caesar loved me, I weep for him. As he
 was fortunate, I rejoice at it. As he was valiant, I
 honor him. But, as he was ambitious, I slew him.
 There is tears for his love, joy for his fortune, honor
30 for his valor, and death for his ambition. Who is
 here so base that would be a bondman? If any,
 speak, for him have I offended. Who is here so rude
 that would not be a Roman? If any, speak, for him
 have I offended. Who is here so vile that will not
35 love his country? If any, speak, for him have I
 offended. I pause for a reply.
PLEBEIANS None, Brutus, none.
BRUTUS Then none have I offended. I have done no

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ACT 3. SC. 2

 more to Caesar than you shall do to Brutus. The
40 question of his death is enrolled in the Capitol, his
 glory not extenuated wherein he was worthy, nor
 his offenses enforced for which he suffered death.

Enter Mark Antony and others with Caesar’s body.

 Here comes his body, mourned by Mark Antony,
 who, though he had no hand in his death, shall
45 receive the benefit of his dying—a place in the
 commonwealth—as which of you shall not? With
 this I depart: that, as I slew my best lover for the
 good of Rome, I have the same dagger for myself
 when it shall please my country to need my death.
PLEBEIANS 50Live, Brutus, live, live!
FIRST PLEBEIAN 
 Bring him with triumph home unto his house.
SECOND PLEBEIAN 
 Give him a statue with his ancestors.
THIRD PLEBEIAN 
 Let him be Caesar.
FOURTH PLEBEIAN  Caesar’s better parts
55 Shall be crowned in Brutus.
FIRST PLEBEIAN 
 We’ll bring him to his house with shouts and
 clamors.
BRUTUS 
 My countrymen—
SECOND PLEBEIAN  Peace, silence! Brutus speaks.
FIRST PLEBEIAN 60Peace, ho!
BRUTUS 
 Good countrymen, let me depart alone,
 And, for my sake, stay here with Antony.
 Do grace to Caesar’s corpse, and grace his speech
 Tending to Caesar’s glories, which Mark Antony
65 (By our permission) is allowed to make.

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ACT 3. SC. 2

 I do entreat you, not a man depart,
 Save I alone, till Antony have spoke.
He descends and exits.
FIRST PLEBEIAN 
 Stay, ho, and let us hear Mark Antony!
THIRD PLEBEIAN 
 Let him go up into the public chair.
PLEBEIANS 
70 We’ll hear him.—Noble Antony, go up.
ANTONY 
 For Brutus’ sake, I am beholding to you.
He goes into the pulpit.
FOURTH PLEBEIAN What does he say of Brutus?
THIRD PLEBEIAN He says for Brutus’ sake
 He finds himself beholding to us all.
FOURTH PLEBEIAN 
75 ’Twere best he speak no harm of Brutus here.
FIRST PLEBEIAN 
 This Caesar was a tyrant.
THIRD PLEBEIAN  Nay, that’s certain.
 We are blest that Rome is rid of him.
SECOND PLEBEIAN 
 Peace, let us hear what Antony can say.
ANTONY 
80 You gentle Romans—
PLEBEIANS  Peace, ho! Let us hear him.
ANTONY 
 Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me your ears.
 I come to bury Caesar, not to praise him.
 The evil that men do lives after them;
85 The good is oft interrèd with their bones.
 So let it be with Caesar. The noble Brutus
 Hath told you Caesar was ambitious.
 If it were so, it was a grievous fault,
 And grievously hath Caesar answered it.
90 Here, under leave of Brutus and the rest
 (For Brutus is an honorable man;

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 So are they all, all honorable men),
 Come I to speak in Caesar’s funeral.
 He was my friend, faithful and just to me,
95 But Brutus says he was ambitious,
 And Brutus is an honorable man.
 He hath brought many captives home to Rome,
 Whose ransoms did the general coffers fill.
 Did this in Caesar seem ambitious?
100 When that the poor have cried, Caesar hath wept;
 Ambition should be made of sterner stuff.
 Yet Brutus says he was ambitious,
 And Brutus is an honorable man.
 You all did see that on the Lupercal
105 I thrice presented him a kingly crown,
 Which he did thrice refuse. Was this ambition?
 Yet Brutus says he was ambitious,
 And sure he is an honorable man.
 I speak not to disprove what Brutus spoke,
110 But here I am to speak what I do know.
 You all did love him once, not without cause.
 What cause withholds you, then, to mourn for
 him?—
 O judgment, thou art fled to brutish beasts,
115 And men have lost their reason!—Bear with me;
 My heart is in the coffin there with Caesar,
 And I must pause till it come back to me.He weeps.
FIRST PLEBEIAN 
 Methinks there is much reason in his sayings.
SECOND PLEBEIAN 
 If thou consider rightly of the matter,
120 Caesar has had great wrong.
THIRD PLEBEIAN  Has he, masters?
 I fear there will a worse come in his place.
FOURTH PLEBEIAN 
 Marked you his words? He would not take the
 crown;
125 Therefore ’tis certain he was not ambitious.

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ACT 3. SC. 2

FIRST PLEBEIAN 
 If it be found so, some will dear abide it.
SECOND PLEBEIAN 
 Poor soul, his eyes are red as fire with weeping.
THIRD PLEBEIAN 
 There’s not a nobler man in Rome than Antony.
FOURTH PLEBEIAN 
 Now mark him. He begins again to speak.
ANTONY 
130 But yesterday the word of Caesar might
 Have stood against the world. Now lies he there,
 And none so poor to do him reverence.
 O masters, if I were disposed to stir
 Your hearts and minds to mutiny and rage,
135 I should do Brutus wrong and Cassius wrong,
 Who, you all know, are honorable men.
 I will not do them wrong. I rather choose
 To wrong the dead, to wrong myself and you,
 Than I will wrong such honorable men.
140 But here’s a parchment with the seal of Caesar.
 I found it in his closet. ’Tis his will.
 Let but the commons hear this testament,
 Which, pardon me, I do not mean to read,
 And they would go and kiss dead Caesar’s wounds
145 And dip their napkins in his sacred blood—
 Yea, beg a hair of him for memory
 And, dying, mention it within their wills,
 Bequeathing it as a rich legacy
 Unto their issue.
FOURTH PLEBEIAN 
150 We’ll hear the will. Read it, Mark Antony.
PLEBEIANS 
 The will, the will! We will hear Caesar’s will.
ANTONY 
 Have patience, gentle friends. I must not read it.

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ACT 3. SC. 2

 It is not meet you know how Caesar loved you.
 You are not wood, you are not stones, but men.
155 And, being men, hearing the will of Caesar,
 It will inflame you; it will make you mad.
 ’Tis good you know not that you are his heirs,
 For if you should, O, what would come of it?
FOURTH PLEBEIAN 
 Read the will! We’ll hear it, Antony.
PLEBEIANS 
160 You shall read us the will, Caesar’s will.
ANTONY 
 Will you be patient? Will you stay awhile?
 I have o’ershot myself to tell you of it.
 I fear I wrong the honorable men
 Whose daggers have stabbed Caesar. I do fear it.
FOURTH PLEBEIAN 165They were traitors. Honorable men?
PLEBEIANS The will! The testament!
SECOND PLEBEIAN They were villains, murderers. The
 will! Read the will.
ANTONY 
 You will compel me, then, to read the will?
170 Then make a ring about the corpse of Caesar,
 And let me show you him that made the will.
 Shall I descend? And will you give me leave?
PLEBEIANS Come down.
SECOND PLEBEIAN Descend.
THIRD PLEBEIAN 175You shall have leave.
Antony descends.
FOURTH PLEBEIAN A ring; stand round.
FIRST PLEBEIAN 
 Stand from the hearse. Stand from the body.
SECOND PLEBEIAN 
 Room for Antony, most noble Antony.
ANTONY 
 Nay, press not so upon me. Stand far off.

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PLEBEIANS 180Stand back! Room! Bear back!
ANTONY 
 If you have tears, prepare to shed them now.
 You all do know this mantle. I remember
 The first time ever Caesar put it on.
 ’Twas on a summer’s evening in his tent,
185 That day he overcame the Nervii.
 Look, in this place ran Cassius’ dagger through.
 See what a rent the envious Casca made.
 Through this the well-belovèd Brutus stabbed,
 And, as he plucked his cursèd steel away,
190 Mark how the blood of Caesar followed it,
 As rushing out of doors to be resolved
 If Brutus so unkindly knocked or no;
 For Brutus, as you know, was Caesar’s angel.
 Judge, O you gods, how dearly Caesar loved him!
195 This was the most unkindest cut of all.
 For when the noble Caesar saw him stab,
 Ingratitude, more strong than traitors’ arms,
 Quite vanquished him. Then burst his mighty heart,
 And, in his mantle muffling up his face,
200 Even at the base of Pompey’s statue
 (Which all the while ran blood) great Caesar fell.
 O, what a fall was there, my countrymen!
 Then I and you and all of us fell down,
 Whilst bloody treason flourished over us.
205 O, now you weep, and I perceive you feel
 The dint of pity. These are gracious drops.
 Kind souls, what, weep you when you but behold
 Our Caesar’s vesture wounded? Look you here,
Antony lifts Caesar’s cloak.
 Here is himself, marred as you see with traitors.
FIRST PLEBEIAN 210O piteous spectacle!
SECOND PLEBEIAN O noble Caesar!
THIRD PLEBEIAN O woeful day!

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FOURTH PLEBEIAN O traitors, villains!
FIRST PLEBEIAN O most bloody sight!
SECOND PLEBEIAN 215We will be revenged.
PLEBEIANS Revenge! About! Seek! Burn! Fire! Kill!
 Slay! Let not a traitor live!
ANTONY Stay, countrymen.
FIRST PLEBEIAN Peace there! Hear the noble Antony.
SECOND PLEBEIAN 220We’ll hear him, we’ll follow him,
 we’ll die with him.
ANTONY 
 Good friends, sweet friends, let me not stir you up
 To such a sudden flood of mutiny.
 They that have done this deed are honorable.
225 What private griefs they have, alas, I know not,
 That made them do it. They are wise and honorable
 And will no doubt with reasons answer you.
 I come not, friends, to steal away your hearts.
 I am no orator, as Brutus is,
230 But, as you know me all, a plain blunt man
 That love my friend, and that they know full well
 That gave me public leave to speak of him.
 For I have neither wit, nor words, nor worth,
 Action, nor utterance, nor the power of speech
235 To stir men’s blood. I only speak right on.
 I tell you that which you yourselves do know,
 Show you sweet Caesar’s wounds, poor poor dumb
 mouths,
 And bid them speak for me. But were I Brutus,
240 And Brutus Antony, there were an Antony
 Would ruffle up your spirits and put a tongue
 In every wound of Caesar that should move
 The stones of Rome to rise and mutiny.
PLEBEIANS 
 We’ll mutiny.
FIRST PLEBEIAN 245 We’ll burn the house of Brutus.

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THIRD PLEBEIAN 
 Away then. Come, seek the conspirators.
ANTONY 
 Yet hear me, countrymen; yet hear me speak.
PLEBEIANS 
 Peace, ho! Hear Antony, most noble Antony!
ANTONY 
 Why, friends, you go to do you know not what.
250 Wherein hath Caesar thus deserved your loves?
 Alas, you know not. I must tell you then.
 You have forgot the will I told you of.
PLEBEIANS 
 Most true. The will! Let’s stay and hear the will.
ANTONY 
 Here is the will, and under Caesar’s seal:
255 To every Roman citizen he gives,
 To every several man, seventy-five drachmas.
SECOND PLEBEIAN 
 Most noble Caesar! We’ll revenge his death.
THIRD PLEBEIAN O royal Caesar!
ANTONY Hear me with patience.
PLEBEIANS 260Peace, ho!
ANTONY 
 Moreover, he hath left you all his walks,
 His private arbors, and new-planted orchards,
 On this side Tiber. He hath left them you,
 And to your heirs forever—common pleasures
265 To walk abroad and recreate yourselves.
 Here was a Caesar! When comes such another?
FIRST PLEBEIAN 
 Never, never!—Come, away, away!
 We’ll burn his body in the holy place
 And with the brands fire the traitors’ houses.
270 Take up the body.
SECOND PLEBEIAN Go fetch fire.
THIRD PLEBEIAN Pluck down benches.

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FOURTH PLEBEIAN Pluck down forms, windows,
 anything.
Plebeians exit with Caesar’s body.
ANTONY 
275 Now let it work. Mischief, thou art afoot;
 Take thou what course thou wilt.

Enter Servant.

 How now, fellow?
SERVANT 
 Sir, Octavius is already come to Rome.
ANTONY Where is he?
SERVANT 
280 He and Lepidus are at Caesar’s house.
ANTONY 
 And thither will I straight to visit him.
 He comes upon a wish. Fortune is merry
 And in this mood will give us anything.
SERVANT 
 I heard him say Brutus and Cassius
285 Are rid like madmen through the gates of Rome.
ANTONY 
 Belike they had some notice of the people
 How I had moved them. Bring me to Octavius.
They exit.