List iconHenry VI, Part 3List icon

Henry VI, Part 3
Act 4, scene 6

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Characters in the Play

Entire Play

The English crown changes hands often in Henry VI, Part 3. At first, Richard, Duke of York, is allied with Warwick….

Act 1, scene 1

Richard, Duke of York, aided by the Earl of Warwick, occupies King Henry VI’s throne. Faced with Warwick’s soldiers, Henry…

Act 1, scene 2

York is persuaded by his sons Edward and Richard to break his oath to Henry and fight for the crown….

Act 1, scene 3

Rutland, youngest son of York, is killed by Lord Clifford as revenge against York, who killed Clifford’s father.

Act 1, scene 4

At the battle of Wakefield, York is captured by the victorious Queen Margaret, Prince Edward, Lord Clifford, and the Earl…

Act 2, scene 1

Edward and Richard receive the news of their father’s death. Warwick then brings news of the Yorkist defeat at St….

Act 2, scene 2

Warwick and the Yorkists confront King Henry, Margaret, the newly knighted Prince Edward, and the other Lancastrians. Both the Lancastrian…

Act 2, scene 3

Warwick retires from the battle and meets Edward, Richard, and George. They all fear defeat, but take their farewells and…

Act 2, scene 4

Richard and Clifford fight. When Warwick enters, Clifford flees. Richard prepares to search for Clifford in order to fight to…

Act 2, scene 5

As the battle of Towton proceeds, King Henry contemplates his unhappy life as king and then observes as a young…

Act 2, scene 6

Lord Clifford enters wounded to the death. Warwick, Edward, Richard, and George find Clifford’s body and taunt him. They prepare…

Act 3, scene 1

King Henry is captured by two gamekeepers, who now owe allegiance to King Edward.

Act 3, scene 2

King Edward, while hearing Lady Grey’s petition for her dead husband’s land, decides he wants her for his mistress; she…

Act 3, scene 3

As Queen Margaret persuades the French king Lewis to support her and Prince Edward, Warwick arrives with the offer of…

Act 4, scene 1

King Edward learns of Warwick’s defection and orders that troops be levied in preparation for war. Clarence decides to join…

Act 4, scene 2

Warwick and Clarence prepare to surprise King Edward, who awaits the French troops in a lightly guarded camp.

Act 4, scene 3

Warwick, Clarence, and their troops capture King Edward, remove his crown, and send him captive to the Archbishop of York….

Act 4, scene 4

King Edward’s wife, Queen Elizabeth, hearing of Edward’s capture, fears for her life and that of her unborn child. She…

Act 4, scene 5

Richard rescues King Edward from his captivity. They prepare to sail to Flanders.

Act 4, scene 6

Warwick rescues King Henry from imprisonment in the Tower of London. Henry turns over the government to Warwick and Clarence.

Act 4, scene 7

Edward, having returned from Flanders with a supporting army, enters the city of York, claiming that he wants only his…

Act 4, scene 8

King Henry, left at the Bishop’s Palace in London while Warwick and other Lancastrian leaders search for additional troops, is…

Act 5, scene 1

At Coventry, Warwick awaits the arrival of Clarence. Other forces arrive in Warwick’s support. King Edward then arrives, and is…

Act 5, scene 2

At the battle of Barnet, King Edward brings in a wounded Warwick and leaves him to his death. Lancastrian lords…

Act 5, scene 3

King Edward, Richard, and Clarence are triumphant after the battle of Barnet, but they know they must now meet Queen…

Act 5, scene 4

Queen Margaret rallies her forces despite Henry’s capture and Warwick’s death. King Edward and his forces enter. The battle of…

Act 5, scene 5

Queen Margaret and other Lancastrian leaders are brought in as captives. King Edward sends out orders to find Prince Edward….

Act 5, scene 6

Richard kills King Henry in the Tower, and then begins to plot his own way to the crown, now that…

Act 5, scene 7

King Edward celebrates the Yorkist triumph by having Richard and Clarence kiss his infant son. Richard, while outwardly loving the…

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Scene 6
Flourish. Enter King Henry the Sixth, Clarence,
Warwick, Somerset, young Henry Earl of Richmond,
Oxford, Montague, all wearing the red rose,
and Lieutenant of the Tower.


KING HENRY 
 Master lieutenant, now that God and friends
 Have shaken Edward from the regal seat
 And turned my captive state to liberty,
 My fear to hope, my sorrows unto joys,
5 At our enlargement what are thy due fees?
LIEUTENANT 
 Subjects may challenge nothing of their sov’reigns,
 But, if an humble prayer may prevail,
 I then crave pardon of your Majesty.
KING HENRY 
 For what, lieutenant? For well using me?

191
Henry VI, Part 3
ACT 4. SC. 6

10 Nay, be thou sure I’ll well requite thy kindness,
 For that it made my imprisonment a pleasure,
 Ay, such a pleasure as encagèd birds
 Conceive when, after many moody thoughts,
 At last by notes of household harmony
15 They quite forget their loss of liberty.—
 But, Warwick, after God thou sett’st me free,
 And chiefly, therefore, I thank God and thee.
 He was the author, thou the instrument.
 Therefore, that I may conquer Fortune’s spite
20 By living low where Fortune cannot hurt me,
 And that the people of this blessèd land
 May not be punished with my thwarting stars,
 Warwick, although my head still wear the crown,
 I here resign my government to thee,
25 For thou art fortunate in all thy deeds.
WARWICK 
 Your Grace hath still been famed for virtuous
 And now may seem as wise as virtuous
 By spying and avoiding Fortune’s malice,
 For few men rightly temper with the stars.
30 Yet, in this one thing let me blame your Grace:
 For choosing me when Clarence is in place.
CLARENCE 
 No, Warwick, thou art worthy of the sway,
 To whom the heav’ns in thy nativity
 Adjudged an olive branch and laurel crown
35 As likely to be blest in peace and war;
 And therefore I yield thee my free consent.
WARWICK 
 And I choose Clarence only for Protector.
KING HENRY 
 Warwick and Clarence, give me both your hands.
 Now join your hands, and with your hands your
40 hearts,
 That no dissension hinder government.

193
Henry VI, Part 3
ACT 4. SC. 6

He joins their hands.
 I make you both Protectors of this land,
 While I myself will lead a private life
 And in devotion spend my latter days,
45 To sin’s rebuke and my Creator’s praise.
WARWICK 
 What answers Clarence to his sovereign’s will?
CLARENCE 
 That he consents, if Warwick yield consent,
 For on thy fortune I repose myself.
WARWICK 
 Why, then, though loath, yet must I be content.
50 We’ll yoke together like a double shadow
 To Henry’s body, and supply his place—
 I mean, in bearing weight of government—
 While he enjoys the honor and his ease.
 And, Clarence, now then it is more than needful
55 Forthwith that Edward be pronounced a traitor
 And all his lands and goods be confiscate.
CLARENCE 
 What else? And that succession be determinèd.
WARWICK 
 Ay, therein Clarence shall not want his part.
KING HENRY 
 But with the first of all your chief affairs
60 Let me entreat—for I command no more—
 That Margaret your queen and my son Edward
 Be sent for, to return from France with speed,
 For till I see them here, by doubtful fear
 My joy of liberty is half eclipsed.
CLARENCE 
65 It shall be done, my sovereign, with all speed.
KING HENRY 
 My lord of Somerset, what youth is that
 Of whom you seem to have so tender care?

195
Henry VI, Part 3
ACT 4. SC. 6

SOMERSET 
 My liege, it is young Henry, Earl of Richmond.
KING HENRY, to Richmond 
 Come hither, England’s hope.
Lays his hand on Richmond’s head.
70 If secret powers
 Suggest but truth to my divining thoughts,
 This pretty lad will prove our country’s bliss.
 His looks are full of peaceful majesty,
 His head by nature framed to wear a crown,
75 His hand to wield a scepter, and himself
 Likely in time to bless a regal throne.
 Make much of him, my lords, for this is he
 Must help you more than you are hurt by me.

Enter a Post.

WARWICK What news, my friend?
POST 
80 That Edward is escapèd from your brother
 And fled, as he hears since, to Burgundy.
WARWICK 
 Unsavory news! But how made he escape?
POST 
 He was conveyed by Richard, Duke of Gloucester,
 And the Lord Hastings, who attended him
85 In secret ambush on the forest side
 And from the Bishop’s huntsmen rescued him,
 For hunting was his daily exercise.
WARWICK 
 My brother was too careless of his charge.
 But let us hence, my sovereign, to provide
90 A salve for any sore that may betide.
All but Somerset, Richmond, and Oxford exit.
SOMERSET, to Oxford 
 My lord, I like not of this flight of Edward’s,
 For doubtless Burgundy will yield him help,

197
Henry VI, Part 3
ACT 4. SC. 7

 And we shall have more wars before ’t be long.
 As Henry’s late presaging prophecy
95 Did glad my heart with hope of this young
 Richmond,
 So doth my heart misgive me in these conflicts
 What may befall him, to his harm and ours.
 Therefore, Lord Oxford, to prevent the worst,
100 Forthwith we’ll send him hence to Brittany
 Till storms be past of civil enmity.
OXFORD 
 Ay, for if Edward repossess the crown,
 ’Tis like that Richmond, with the rest, shall down.
SOMERSET 
 It shall be so. He shall to Brittany.
105 Come, therefore, let’s about it speedily.
They exit.