List iconHenry VI, Part 3List icon

Henry VI, Part 3
Act 4, scene 1

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Contents

Characters in the Play

Entire Play

The English crown changes hands often in Henry VI, Part 3. At first, Richard, Duke of York, is allied with Warwick….

Act 1, scene 1

Richard, Duke of York, aided by the Earl of Warwick, occupies King Henry VI’s throne. Faced with Warwick’s soldiers, Henry…

Act 1, scene 2

York is persuaded by his sons Edward and Richard to break his oath to Henry and fight for the crown….

Act 1, scene 3

Rutland, youngest son of York, is killed by Lord Clifford as revenge against York, who killed Clifford’s father.

Act 1, scene 4

At the battle of Wakefield, York is captured by the victorious Queen Margaret, Prince Edward, Lord Clifford, and the Earl…

Act 2, scene 1

Edward and Richard receive the news of their father’s death. Warwick then brings news of the Yorkist defeat at St….

Act 2, scene 2

Warwick and the Yorkists confront King Henry, Margaret, the newly knighted Prince Edward, and the other Lancastrians. Both the Lancastrian…

Act 2, scene 3

Warwick retires from the battle and meets Edward, Richard, and George. They all fear defeat, but take their farewells and…

Act 2, scene 4

Richard and Clifford fight. When Warwick enters, Clifford flees. Richard prepares to search for Clifford in order to fight to…

Act 2, scene 5

As the battle of Towton proceeds, King Henry contemplates his unhappy life as king and then observes as a young…

Act 2, scene 6

Lord Clifford enters wounded to the death. Warwick, Edward, Richard, and George find Clifford’s body and taunt him. They prepare…

Act 3, scene 1

King Henry is captured by two gamekeepers, who now owe allegiance to King Edward.

Act 3, scene 2

King Edward, while hearing Lady Grey’s petition for her dead husband’s land, decides he wants her for his mistress; she…

Act 3, scene 3

As Queen Margaret persuades the French king Lewis to support her and Prince Edward, Warwick arrives with the offer of…

Act 4, scene 1

King Edward learns of Warwick’s defection and orders that troops be levied in preparation for war. Clarence decides to join…

Act 4, scene 2

Warwick and Clarence prepare to surprise King Edward, who awaits the French troops in a lightly guarded camp.

Act 4, scene 3

Warwick, Clarence, and their troops capture King Edward, remove his crown, and send him captive to the Archbishop of York….

Act 4, scene 4

King Edward’s wife, Queen Elizabeth, hearing of Edward’s capture, fears for her life and that of her unborn child. She…

Act 4, scene 5

Richard rescues King Edward from his captivity. They prepare to sail to Flanders.

Act 4, scene 6

Warwick rescues King Henry from imprisonment in the Tower of London. Henry turns over the government to Warwick and Clarence.

Act 4, scene 7

Edward, having returned from Flanders with a supporting army, enters the city of York, claiming that he wants only his…

Act 4, scene 8

King Henry, left at the Bishop’s Palace in London while Warwick and other Lancastrian leaders search for additional troops, is…

Act 5, scene 1

At Coventry, Warwick awaits the arrival of Clarence. Other forces arrive in Warwick’s support. King Edward then arrives, and is…

Act 5, scene 2

At the battle of Barnet, King Edward brings in a wounded Warwick and leaves him to his death. Lancastrian lords…

Act 5, scene 3

King Edward, Richard, and Clarence are triumphant after the battle of Barnet, but they know they must now meet Queen…

Act 5, scene 4

Queen Margaret rallies her forces despite Henry’s capture and Warwick’s death. King Edward and his forces enter. The battle of…

Act 5, scene 5

Queen Margaret and other Lancastrian leaders are brought in as captives. King Edward sends out orders to find Prince Edward….

Act 5, scene 6

Richard kills King Henry in the Tower, and then begins to plot his own way to the crown, now that…

Act 5, scene 7

King Edward celebrates the Yorkist triumph by having Richard and Clarence kiss his infant son. Richard, while outwardly loving the…

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Scene 1
Enter Richard of Gloucester, Clarence, Somerset,
and Montague, all wearing the white rose.


RICHARD 
 Now tell me, brother Clarence, what think you
 Of this new marriage with the Lady Grey?
 Hath not our brother made a worthy choice?
CLARENCE 
 Alas, you know ’tis far from hence to France.
5 How could he stay till Warwick made return?
Flourish.
SOMERSET 
 My lords, forbear this talk. Here comes the King.
RICHARD And his well-chosen bride.
CLARENCE 
 I mind to tell him plainly what I think.

Enter King Edward, with Attendants,
Lady Grey, now Queen Elizabeth, Pembroke, Stafford,
Hastings, and others, all wearing the white rose.
Four stand on one side, and four on the other.


KING EDWARD 
 Now, brother of Clarence, how like you our choice,
10 That you stand pensive, as half malcontent?
CLARENCE 
 As well as Lewis of France or the Earl of Warwick,
163

165
Henry VI, Part 3
ACT 4. SC. 1

 Which are so weak of courage and in judgment
 That they’ll take no offense at our abuse.
KING EDWARD 
 Suppose they take offense without a cause,
15 They are but Lewis and Warwick; I am Edward,
 Your king and Warwick’s, and must have my will.
RICHARD 
 And shall have your will because our king.
 Yet hasty marriage seldom proveth well.
KING EDWARD 
 Yea, brother Richard, are you offended too?
RICHARD 20Not I.
 No, God forbid that I should wish them severed
 Whom God hath joined together. Ay, and ’twere pity
 To sunder them that yoke so well together.
KING EDWARD 
 Setting your scorns and your mislike aside,
25 Tell me some reason why the Lady Grey
 Should not become my wife and England’s queen?
 And you too, Somerset and Montague,
 Speak freely what you think.
CLARENCE 
 Then this is mine opinion: that King Lewis
30 Becomes your enemy for mocking him
 About the marriage of the Lady Bona.
RICHARD 
 And Warwick, doing what you gave in charge,
 Is now dishonorèd by this new marriage.
KING EDWARD 
 What if both Lewis and Warwick be appeased
35 By such invention as I can devise?
MONTAGUE 
 Yet to have joined with France in such alliance
 Would more have strengthened this our
 commonwealth
 ’Gainst foreign storms than any home-bred marriage.

167
Henry VI, Part 3
ACT 4. SC. 1

HASTINGS 
40 Why, knows not Montague that of itself
 England is safe, if true within itself?
MONTAGUE 
 But the safer when ’tis backed with France.
HASTINGS 
 ’Tis better using France than trusting France.
 Let us be backed with God and with the seas
45 Which He hath giv’n for fence impregnable,
 And with their helps only defend ourselves.
 In them and in ourselves our safety lies.
CLARENCE 
 For this one speech, Lord Hastings well deserves
 To have the heir of the Lord Hungerford.
KING EDWARD 
50 Ay, what of that? It was my will and grant,
 And for this once my will shall stand for law.
RICHARD 
 And yet methinks your Grace hath not done well
 To give the heir and daughter of Lord Scales
 Unto the brother of your loving bride.
55 She better would have fitted me or Clarence;
 But in your bride you bury brotherhood.
CLARENCE 
 Or else you would not have bestowed the heir
 Of the Lord Bonville on your new wife’s son,
 And leave your brothers to go speed elsewhere.
KING EDWARD 
60 Alas, poor Clarence, is it for a wife
 That thou art malcontent? I will provide thee.
CLARENCE 
 In choosing for yourself you showed your judgment,
 Which, being shallow, you shall give me leave
 To play the broker in mine own behalf.
65 And to that end, I shortly mind to leave you.

169
Henry VI, Part 3
ACT 4. SC. 1

KING EDWARD 
 Leave me or tarry, Edward will be king
 And not be tied unto his brother’s will.
QUEEN ELIZABETH 
 My lords, before it pleased his Majesty
 To raise my state to title of a queen,
70 Do me but right and you must all confess
 That I was not ignoble of descent,
 And meaner than myself have had like fortune.
 But as this title honors me and mine,
 So your dislikes, to whom I would be pleasing,
75 Doth cloud my joys with danger and with sorrow.
KING EDWARD 
 My love, forbear to fawn upon their frowns.
 What danger or what sorrow can befall thee
 So long as Edward is thy constant friend
 And their true sovereign, whom they must obey?
80 Nay, whom they shall obey, and love thee too,
 Unless they seek for hatred at my hands;
 Which if they do, yet will I keep thee safe,
 And they shall feel the vengeance of my wrath.
RICHARD, aside 
 I hear, yet say not much, but think the more.

Enter a Post.

KING EDWARD 
85 Now, messenger, what letters or what news from
 France?
POST 
 My sovereign liege, no letters and few words
 But such as I without your special pardon
 Dare not relate.
KING EDWARD 
90 Go to, we pardon thee. Therefore, in brief,
 Tell me their words as near as thou canst guess them.
 What answer makes King Lewis unto our letters?

171
Henry VI, Part 3
ACT 4. SC. 1

POST 
 At my depart, these were his very words:
 “Go tell false Edward, the supposèd king,
95 That Lewis of France is sending over maskers
 To revel it with him and his new bride.”
KING EDWARD 
 Is Lewis so brave? Belike he thinks me Henry.
 But what said Lady Bona to my marriage?
POST 
 These were her words, uttered with mild disdain:
100 “Tell him, in hope he’ll prove a widower shortly,
 I’ll wear the willow garland for his sake.”
KING EDWARD 
 I blame not her; she could say little less;
 She had the wrong. But what said Henry’s queen?
 For I have heard that she was there in place.
POST 
105 “Tell him,” quoth she, “my mourning weeds are
 done,
 And I am ready to put armor on.”
KING EDWARD 
 Belike she minds to play the Amazon.
 But what said Warwick to these injuries?
POST 
110 He, more incensed against your Majesty
 Than all the rest, discharged me with these words:
 “Tell him from me that he hath done me wrong,
 And therefore I’ll uncrown him ere ’t be long.”
KING EDWARD 
 Ha! Durst the traitor breathe out so proud words?
115 Well, I will arm me, being thus forewarned.
 They shall have wars and pay for their presumption.
 But say, is Warwick friends with Margaret?
POST 
 Ay, gracious sovereign, they are so linked in
 friendship

173
Henry VI, Part 3
ACT 4. SC. 1

120 That young Prince Edward marries Warwick’s
 daughter.
CLARENCE, aside 
 Belike the elder; Clarence will have the younger.—
 Now, brother king, farewell, and sit you fast,
 For I will hence to Warwick’s other daughter,
125 That, though I want a kingdom, yet in marriage
 I may not prove inferior to yourself.
 You that love me and Warwick, follow me.
Clarence exits, and Somerset follows.
RICHARD, aside 
 Not I. My thoughts aim at a further matter:
 I stay not for the love of Edward, but the crown.
KING EDWARD 
130 Clarence and Somerset both gone to Warwick?
 Yet am I armed against the worst can happen,
 And haste is needful in this desp’rate case.
 Pembroke and Stafford, you in our behalf
 Go levy men and make prepare for war.
135 They are already, or quickly will be, landed.
 Myself in person will straight follow you.
Pembroke and Stafford exit.
 But ere I go, Hastings and Montague,
 Resolve my doubt: you twain, of all the rest,
 Are near to Warwick by blood and by alliance.
140 Tell me if you love Warwick more than me.
 If it be so, then both depart to him.
 I rather wish you foes than hollow friends.
 But if you mind to hold your true obedience,
 Give me assurance with some friendly vow,
145 That I may never have you in suspect.
MONTAGUE 
 So God help Montague as he proves true!
HASTINGS 
 And Hastings as he favors Edward’s cause!

175
Henry VI, Part 3
ACT 4. SC. 2

KING EDWARD 
 Now, brother Richard, will you stand by us?
RICHARD 
 Ay, in despite of all that shall withstand you.
KING EDWARD 
150 Why, so. Then am I sure of victory.
 Now therefore let us hence and lose no hour
 Till we meet Warwick with his foreign power.
They exit.