List iconHenry VI, Part 3List icon

Henry VI, Part 3
Act 3, scene 3

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The English crown changes hands often in Henry VI, Part 3. At first, Richard, Duke of York, is allied with Warwick….

Act 1, scene 1

Richard, Duke of York, aided by the Earl of Warwick, occupies King Henry VI’s throne. Faced with Warwick’s soldiers, Henry…

Act 1, scene 2

York is persuaded by his sons Edward and Richard to break his oath to Henry and fight for the crown….

Act 1, scene 3

Rutland, youngest son of York, is killed by Lord Clifford as revenge against York, who killed Clifford’s father.

Act 1, scene 4

At the battle of Wakefield, York is captured by the victorious Queen Margaret, Prince Edward, Lord Clifford, and the Earl…

Act 2, scene 1

Edward and Richard receive the news of their father’s death. Warwick then brings news of the Yorkist defeat at St….

Act 2, scene 2

Warwick and the Yorkists confront King Henry, Margaret, the newly knighted Prince Edward, and the other Lancastrians. Both the Lancastrian…

Act 2, scene 3

Warwick retires from the battle and meets Edward, Richard, and George. They all fear defeat, but take their farewells and…

Act 2, scene 4

Richard and Clifford fight. When Warwick enters, Clifford flees. Richard prepares to search for Clifford in order to fight to…

Act 2, scene 5

As the battle of Towton proceeds, King Henry contemplates his unhappy life as king and then observes as a young…

Act 2, scene 6

Lord Clifford enters wounded to the death. Warwick, Edward, Richard, and George find Clifford’s body and taunt him. They prepare…

Act 3, scene 1

King Henry is captured by two gamekeepers, who now owe allegiance to King Edward.

Act 3, scene 2

King Edward, while hearing Lady Grey’s petition for her dead husband’s land, decides he wants her for his mistress; she…

Act 3, scene 3

As Queen Margaret persuades the French king Lewis to support her and Prince Edward, Warwick arrives with the offer of…

Act 4, scene 1

King Edward learns of Warwick’s defection and orders that troops be levied in preparation for war. Clarence decides to join…

Act 4, scene 2

Warwick and Clarence prepare to surprise King Edward, who awaits the French troops in a lightly guarded camp.

Act 4, scene 3

Warwick, Clarence, and their troops capture King Edward, remove his crown, and send him captive to the Archbishop of York….

Act 4, scene 4

King Edward’s wife, Queen Elizabeth, hearing of Edward’s capture, fears for her life and that of her unborn child. She…

Act 4, scene 5

Richard rescues King Edward from his captivity. They prepare to sail to Flanders.

Act 4, scene 6

Warwick rescues King Henry from imprisonment in the Tower of London. Henry turns over the government to Warwick and Clarence.

Act 4, scene 7

Edward, having returned from Flanders with a supporting army, enters the city of York, claiming that he wants only his…

Act 4, scene 8

King Henry, left at the Bishop’s Palace in London while Warwick and other Lancastrian leaders search for additional troops, is…

Act 5, scene 1

At Coventry, Warwick awaits the arrival of Clarence. Other forces arrive in Warwick’s support. King Edward then arrives, and is…

Act 5, scene 2

At the battle of Barnet, King Edward brings in a wounded Warwick and leaves him to his death. Lancastrian lords…

Act 5, scene 3

King Edward, Richard, and Clarence are triumphant after the battle of Barnet, but they know they must now meet Queen…

Act 5, scene 4

Queen Margaret rallies her forces despite Henry’s capture and Warwick’s death. King Edward and his forces enter. The battle of…

Act 5, scene 5

Queen Margaret and other Lancastrian leaders are brought in as captives. King Edward sends out orders to find Prince Edward….

Act 5, scene 6

Richard kills King Henry in the Tower, and then begins to plot his own way to the crown, now that…

Act 5, scene 7

King Edward celebrates the Yorkist triumph by having Richard and Clarence kiss his infant son. Richard, while outwardly loving the…

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Scene 3
Flourish. Enter Lewis the French king, his sister
the Lady Bona, his Admiral called Bourbon,
Prince Edward, Queen Margaret, and the Earl of Oxford,
the last three wearing the red rose.


Lewis sits, and riseth up again.

KING LEWIS 
 Fair Queen of England, worthy Margaret,
 Sit down with us. It ill befits thy state
 And birth that thou shouldst stand while Lewis
 doth sit.
QUEEN MARGARET 
5 No, mighty King of France. Now Margaret
 Must strike her sail and learn awhile to serve
 Where kings command. I was, I must confess,
 Great Albion’s queen in former golden days,
 But now mischance hath trod my title down
10 And with dishonor laid me on the ground,
 Where I must take like seat unto my fortune
 And to my humble seat conform myself.
KING LEWIS 
 Why, say, fair queen, whence springs this deep
 despair?
QUEEN MARGARET 
15 From such a cause as fills mine eyes with tears
 And stops my tongue, while heart is drowned in cares.

141
Henry VI, Part 3
ACT 3. SC. 3

KING LEWIS 
 Whate’er it be, be thou still like thyself,
 And sit thee by our side.Seats her by him.
 Yield not thy neck
20 To Fortune’s yoke, but let thy dauntless mind
 Still ride in triumph over all mischance.
 Be plain, Queen Margaret, and tell thy grief.
 It shall be eased if France can yield relief.
QUEEN MARGARET 
 Those gracious words revive my drooping thoughts
25 And give my tongue-tied sorrows leave to speak.
 Now therefore be it known to noble Lewis
 That Henry, sole possessor of my love,
 Is, of a king, become a banished man
 And forced to live in Scotland a forlorn;
30 While proud ambitious Edward, Duke of York,
 Usurps the regal title and the seat
 Of England’s true-anointed lawful king.
 This is the cause that I, poor Margaret,
 With this my son, Prince Edward, Henry’s heir,
35 Am come to crave thy just and lawful aid;
 And if thou fail us, all our hope is done.
 Scotland hath will to help but cannot help;
 Our people and our peers are both misled,
 Our treasure seized, our soldiers put to flight,
40 And, as thou seest, ourselves in heavy plight.
KING LEWIS 
 Renownèd queen, with patience calm the storm
 While we bethink a means to break it off.
QUEEN MARGARET 
 The more we stay, the stronger grows our foe.
KING LEWIS 
 The more I stay, the more I’ll succor thee.
QUEEN MARGARET 
45 O, but impatience waiteth on true sorrow.

143
Henry VI, Part 3
ACT 3. SC. 3

Enter Warwick, wearing the white rose.

 And see where comes the breeder of my sorrow.
KING LEWIS 
 What’s he approacheth boldly to our presence?
QUEEN MARGARET 
 Our Earl of Warwick, Edward’s greatest friend.
KING LEWIS, standing 
 Welcome, brave Warwick. What brings thee to France?
He descends. She ariseth.
QUEEN MARGARET, aside 
50 Ay, now begins a second storm to rise,
 For this is he that moves both wind and tide.
WARWICK 
 From worthy Edward, King of Albion,
 My lord and sovereign and thy vowèd friend,
 I come in kindness and unfeignèd love,
55 First, to do greetings to thy royal person,
 And then to crave a league of amity,
 And, lastly, to confirm that amity
 With nuptial knot, if thou vouchsafe to grant
 That virtuous Lady Bona, thy fair sister,
60 To England’s king in lawful marriage.
QUEEN MARGARET, aside 
 If that go forward, Henry’s hope is done.
WARWICK, speaking to Lady Bona 
 And, gracious madam, in our king’s behalf,
 I am commanded, with your leave and favor,
 Humbly to kiss your hand, and with my tongue
65 To tell the passion of my sovereign’s heart,
 Where fame, late ent’ring at his heedful ears,
 Hath placed thy beauty’s image and thy virtue.
QUEEN MARGARET 
 King Lewis and Lady Bona, hear me speak
 Before you answer Warwick. His demand
70 Springs not from Edward’s well-meant honest love,

145
Henry VI, Part 3
ACT 3. SC. 3

 But from deceit, bred by necessity;
 For how can tyrants safely govern home
 Unless abroad they purchase great alliance?
 To prove him tyrant, this reason may suffice:
75 That Henry liveth still; but were he dead,
 Yet here Prince Edward stands, King Henry’s son.
 Look, therefore, Lewis, that by this league and
 marriage
 Thou draw not on thy danger and dishonor;
80 For though usurpers sway the rule awhile,
 Yet heav’ns are just, and time suppresseth wrongs.
WARWICK 
 Injurious Margaret!
PRINCE EDWARD  And why not “Queen”?
WARWICK 
 Because thy father Henry did usurp,
85 And thou no more art prince than she is queen.
OXFORD 
 Then Warwick disannuls great John of Gaunt,
 Which did subdue the greatest part of Spain;
 And after John of Gaunt, Henry the Fourth,
 Whose wisdom was a mirror to the wisest;
90 And after that wise prince, Henry the Fifth,
 Who by his prowess conquerèd all France.
 From these our Henry lineally descends.
WARWICK 
 Oxford, how haps it in this smooth discourse
 You told not how Henry the Sixth hath lost
95 All that which Henry the Fifth had gotten.
 Methinks these peers of France should smile at that.
 But, for the rest: you tell a pedigree
 Of threescore and two years, a silly time
 To make prescription for a kingdom’s worth.
OXFORD 
100 Why, Warwick, canst thou speak against thy liege,
 Whom thou obeyed’st thirty and six years,
 And not bewray thy treason with a blush?

147
Henry VI, Part 3
ACT 3. SC. 3

WARWICK 
 Can Oxford, that did ever fence the right,
 Now buckler falsehood with a pedigree?
105 For shame, leave Henry, and call Edward king.
OXFORD 
 Call him my king, by whose injurious doom
 My elder brother, the Lord Aubrey Vere,
 Was done to death? And more than so, my father,
 Even in the downfall of his mellowed years,
110 When nature brought him to the door of death?
 No, Warwick, no. While life upholds this arm,
 This arm upholds the house of Lancaster.
WARWICK And I the house of York.
KING LEWIS 
 Queen Margaret, Prince Edward, and Oxford,
115 Vouchsafe, at our request, to stand aside
 While I use further conference with Warwick.
They stand aloof.
QUEEN MARGARET, aside 
 Heavens grant that Warwick’s words bewitch him
 not.
KING LEWIS 
 Now, Warwick, tell me, even upon thy conscience,
120 Is Edward your true king? For I were loath
 To link with him that were not lawful chosen.
WARWICK 
 Thereon I pawn my credit and mine honor.
KING LEWIS 
 But is he gracious in the people’s eye?
WARWICK 
 The more that Henry was unfortunate.
KING LEWIS 
125 Then further, all dissembling set aside,
 Tell me for truth the measure of his love
 Unto our sister Bona.

149
Henry VI, Part 3
ACT 3. SC. 3

WARWICK  Such it seems
 As may beseem a monarch like himself.
130 Myself have often heard him say and swear
 That this his love was an eternal plant,
 Whereof the root was fixed in virtue’s ground,
 The leaves and fruit maintained with beauty’s sun,
 Exempt from envy but not from disdain,
135 Unless the Lady Bona quit his pain.
KING LEWIS 
 Now, sister, let us hear your firm resolve.
LADY BONA 
 Your grant or your denial shall be mine.
 (Speaks to Warwick.) Yet I confess that often ere this
 day,
140 When I have heard your king’s desert recounted,
 Mine ear hath tempted judgment to desire.
KING LEWIS 
 Then, Warwick, thus: our sister shall be Edward’s.
 And now forthwith shall articles be drawn
 Touching the jointure that your king must make,
145 Which with her dowry shall be counterpoised.—
 Draw near, Queen Margaret, and be a witness
 That Bona shall be wife to the English king.
PRINCE EDWARD 
 To Edward, but not to the English king.
QUEEN MARGARET 
 Deceitful Warwick, it was thy device
150 By this alliance to make void my suit.
 Before thy coming, Lewis was Henry’s friend.
KING LEWIS 
 And still is friend to him and Margaret.
 But if your title to the crown be weak,
 As may appear by Edward’s good success,
155 Then ’tis but reason that I be released
 From giving aid which late I promisèd.

151
Henry VI, Part 3
ACT 3. SC. 3

 Yet shall you have all kindness at my hand
 That your estate requires and mine can yield.
WARWICK 
 Henry now lives in Scotland at his ease,
160 Where, having nothing, nothing can he lose.—
 And as for you yourself, our quondam queen,
 You have a father able to maintain you,
 And better ’twere you troubled him than France.
QUEEN MARGARET 
 Peace, impudent and shameless Warwick,
165 Proud setter-up and puller-down of kings!
 I will not hence till with my talk and tears,
 Both full of truth, I make King Lewis behold
 Thy sly conveyance and thy lord’s false love,
 For both of you are birds of selfsame feather.
Post blowing a horn within.
KING LEWIS 
170 Warwick, this is some post to us or thee.

Enter the Post.

POST speaks to Warwick. 
 My lord ambassador, these letters are for you,
 Sent from your brother, Marquess Montague.
 (To Lewis.) These from our king unto your Majesty.
 (To Margaret.) And, madam, these for you—from
175 whom, I know not.They all read their letters.
OXFORD, aside 
 I like it well that our fair queen and mistress
 Smiles at her news, while Warwick frowns at his.
PRINCE EDWARD, aside 
 Nay, mark how Lewis stamps as he were nettled.
 I hope all’s for the best.
KING LEWIS 
180 Warwick, what are thy news? And yours, fair queen?
QUEEN MARGARET 
 Mine, such as fill my heart with unhoped joys.

153
Henry VI, Part 3
ACT 3. SC. 3

WARWICK 
 Mine, full of sorrow and heart’s discontent.
KING LEWIS 
 What, has your king married the Lady Grey,
 And now, to soothe your forgery and his,
185 Sends me a paper to persuade me patience?
 Is this th’ alliance that he seeks with France?
 Dare he presume to scorn us in this manner?
QUEEN MARGARET 
 I told your Majesty as much before.
 This proveth Edward’s love and Warwick’s honesty.
WARWICK 
190 King Lewis, I here protest in sight of heaven
 And by the hope I have of heavenly bliss,
 That I am clear from this misdeed of Edward’s—
 No more my king, for he dishonors me,
 But most himself, if he could see his shame.
195 Did I forget that by the house of York
 My father came untimely to his death?
 Did I let pass th’ abuse done to my niece?
 Did I impale him with the regal crown?
 Did I put Henry from his native right?
200 And am I guerdoned at the last with shame?
 Shame on himself, for my desert is honor!
 And to repair my honor lost for him,
 I here renounce him and return to Henry.
He removes the white rose.
 My noble queen, let former grudges pass,
205 And henceforth I am thy true servitor.
 I will revenge his wrong to Lady Bona
 And replant Henry in his former state.
QUEEN MARGARET 
 Warwick, these words have turned my hate to love,
 And I forgive and quite forget old faults,
210 And joy that thou becom’st King Henry’s friend.

155
Henry VI, Part 3
ACT 3. SC. 3

WARWICK 
 So much his friend, ay, his unfeignèd friend,
 That if King Lewis vouchsafe to furnish us
 With some few bands of chosen soldiers,
 I’ll undertake to land them on our coast
215 And force the tyrant from his seat by war.
 ’Tis not his new-made bride shall succor him.
 And as for Clarence, as my letters tell me,
 He’s very likely now to fall from him
 For matching more for wanton lust than honor,
220 Or than for strength and safety of our country.
LADY BONA 
 Dear brother, how shall Bona be revenged
 But by thy help to this distressèd queen?
QUEEN MARGARET 
 Renownèd prince, how shall poor Henry live
 Unless thou rescue him from foul despair?
LADY BONA 
225 My quarrel and this English queen’s are one.
WARWICK 
 And mine, fair Lady Bona, joins with yours.
KING LEWIS 
 And mine with hers and thine and Margaret’s.
 Therefore at last I firmly am resolved
 You shall have aid.
QUEEN MARGARET 
230 Let me give humble thanks for all, at once.
KING LEWIS 
 Then, England’s messenger, return in post,
 And tell false Edward, thy supposèd king,
 That Lewis of France is sending over maskers
 To revel it with him and his new bride.
235 Thou seest what’s passed; go fear thy king withal.
LADY BONA 
 Tell him, in hope he’ll prove a widower shortly,
 I wear the willow garland for his sake.

157
Henry VI, Part 3
ACT 3. SC. 3

QUEEN MARGARET 
 Tell him my mourning weeds are laid aside
 And I am ready to put armor on.
WARWICK 
240 Tell him from me that he hath done me wrong,
 And therefore I’ll uncrown him ere ’t be long.
 There’s thy reward.Gives money.
 Be gone.Post exits.
KING LEWIS  But, Warwick,
245 Thou and Oxford with five thousand men
 Shall cross the seas and bid false Edward battle;
 And as occasion serves, this noble queen
 And prince shall follow with a fresh supply.
 Yet ere thou go, but answer me one doubt:
250 What pledge have we of thy firm loyalty?
WARWICK 
 This shall assure my constant loyalty:
 That if our queen and this young prince agree,
 I’ll join mine eldest daughter, and my joy,
 To him forthwith in holy wedlock bands.
QUEEN MARGARET 
255 Yes, I agree, and thank you for your motion.
 Son Edward, she is fair and virtuous.
 Therefore, delay not; give thy hand to Warwick,
 And with thy hand, thy faith irrevocable,
 That only Warwick’s daughter shall be thine.
PRINCE EDWARD 
260 Yes, I accept her, for she well deserves it,
 And here, to pledge my vow, I give my hand.
He gives his hand to Warwick.
KING LEWIS 
 Why stay we now? These soldiers shall be levied,
 And thou, Lord Bourbon, our High Admiral,
 Shall waft them over with our royal fleet.
265 I long till Edward fall by war’s mischance
 For mocking marriage with a dame of France.

159
Henry VI, Part 3
ACT 3. SC. 3

All but Warwick exit.
WARWICK 
 I came from Edward as ambassador,
 But I return his sworn and mortal foe.
 Matter of marriage was the charge he gave me,
270 But dreadful war shall answer his demand.
 Had he none else to make a stale but me?
 Then none but I shall turn his jest to sorrow.
 I was the chief that raised him to the crown,
 And I’ll be chief to bring him down again:
275 Not that I pity Henry’s misery,
 But seek revenge on Edward’s mockery.
He exits.